First Republic to Shrink as Deposits Drop More Than Expected

First Republic Bank is slashing its workforce, shrinking its balance sheet and pursuing strategic options after deposits plummeted even more than analysts expected during last month’s regional-banking crisis.

(Bloomberg) — First Republic Bank is slashing its workforce, shrinking its balance sheet and pursuing strategic options after deposits plummeted even more than analysts expected during last month’s regional-banking crisis.

Executives at the bank laid out plans for shoring up finances after customer deposits plunged 41% to $104.5 billion in the first quarter, missing the $137 billion average of analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg. The drop came even after the country’s largest lenders parked $30 billion of their own cash there.

The San Francisco-based bank plans to cut as much as 25% of its workforce, curb non-essential projects and activities, and lower outstanding loan balances. Meanwhile, outflows have slowed in recent weeks, with deposits slipping just 1.7% this month through last Friday, it said.

“Though we faced challenges and uncertainties with the stabilization of our deposit base and the strength of our credit quality and capital position, we continue to take steps to strengthen our business,” Chief Executive Officer Mike Roffler said on a conference call. 

First Republic shares fell 22% in late New York trading as of 6:48 p.m. after executives concluded the call without taking any questions. The drop also spurred a decline in shares of some other US regional lenders, including PacWest Bancorp, which is scheduled to report earnings Tuesday. 

First Republic’s earnings report marked its first detailed update since investors retreated in mid-March from a swath of regional lenders. Much of the concern focused on their ability to handle withdrawals as interest rates erode the value of certain assets on their books.

The turmoil escalated with the collapse of SVB Financial Group’s Silicon Valley Bank, which fell into government receivership after asset sales spooked depositors in the venture capital community. The move put a spotlight on banks sitting on large piles of unrealized losses on their balance sheets, as well as deposits that exceeded insurance limits.

First Republic ended last year with almost $27 billion in markdowns on loans and a bevy of unrealized losses on Treasuries and other long-dated bonds on the company’s balance sheet. That was far greater than the roughly $13 billion in tangible common equity it had at the time.

Bloomberg News has previously reported that executives have considered a sale of the entire bank. The sizeable unrealized losses — which would have to be crystallized in most deals — have caused some buyers to balk at the prospect, people with knowledge of the matter have said.

First Republic’s first-quarter results underscore the impact of last month’s regional-bank crisis on its business, even as giant banks and a number of regional peers have since reported figures that have assured shareholders. For instance, rivals including KeyCorp, East West Bancorp and Bank OZK all reported first-quarter deposits that met or topped analyst estimates. 

“As depositors look for safer banks, First Republic is the one that has faced more outflow as the other regional banks,” Herman Chan, an analyst at Bloomberg Intelligence, said in an interview with Bloomberg Television. “It would be a challenge for them to find a buyer given the fact that there is a big hole in the balance sheet.”

Revenue for the first quarter slumped 13% from a year earlier to $1.21 billion, hurt by a 19% drop in net interest income. That compares with the $1.1 billion average of analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg.

Operating expenses, meanwhile, unexpectedly dropped, falling 1.6% to $852 million. That helped net income for the period, which slumped 33% to $269 million, beat the $171 million average of analysts’ estimates compiled by Bloomberg.

Founded in 1985, First Republic has spent years expanding its wealth-management services and other offerings for the ultra-rich. The company saw total wealth-management assets climb 6.7% to $289.5 billion from $271.2 billion at the end of last year. Fees tied to the business also jumped. 

But in recent weeks, the firm has seen a bevy of advisers leave for rivals. Assets tied to those team represented less than 20% of the firm’s total, and the company anticipates retaining a portion of those funds despite the departures, Roffler said on a conference call with analysts.  

The company has retained 90% of its wealth professionals and remains “fully committed” to the business, Roffler added.

The company vowed that, going forward, uninsured deposits would remain a smaller part of its total deposit base. First Republic also plans to moderate loan volumes and will now focus on originating loans that can be sold on the secondary market. 

“We intend to retain servicing on these loans as we always have so that we remain the primary point of contact for our clients,” Roffler said on the call. “Through these actions we intend to reduce the size of our balance sheet, reduce our reliance on short-term borrowings and address the challenges we continue to face.”

(Updates with information about other lenders starting in the fifth paragraph)

More stories like this are available on

©2023 Bloomberg L.P.