By Stella Qiu
SYDNEY (Reuters) -Australia’s economy expanded by more than expected in the second quarter, driven by exports and investment, while household consumption remained weak as decade-high interest rates worked to cool demand.
Data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics on Wednesday showed real gross domestic product (GDP) rose 0.4% in the second quarter, slightly beating forecasts of 0.3%. That compared with an upwardly revised 0.4% growth in the first quarter.
Annual growth was at 2.1%, above expectations for 1.8%.
The world’s 12th largest economy got a boost from net exports, with the return of students and tourists, and public investment. Taken together, they more than offset a significant drag from business inventories.
“For all its challenges, the Aussie economy remains remarkably resilient,” said Harry Murphy Cruise, an economist at Moody’s Analytics.
“Looking ahead, growth will be weak… Household budgets will remain under pressure. Government consumption will also moderate from its elevated levels, and business investment will ease on the back of squeezed profits.”
Household consumption, which used to be the engine of growth, remained subdued with just a 0.1% gain in the quarter due to spending on essential goods and services.
Consumers continued to save less in the face of high costs of living and rising mortgage repayments which jumped by another 11% in the quarter. Their savings ratio dropped further to 3.2%, the lowest level since 2008.
The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) left interest rates unchanged for a third straight month on Tuesday, encouraged by signs that inflation is easing by more than expected and economic growth is slowing.
Markets see a good chance that the RBA is done, but a majority of economists expect one more hike by the end of the year to bring inflation to heel.
Treasurer Jim Chalmers said the GDP report was a “steady and sturdy” result in difficult circumstances and the economy is expected to slow considerably due to high interest rates and global uncertainty, particularly around China.
“We’re realistic about the challenges in the 12 months ahead but we are optimistic about the future of our economy and our country,” said Chalmers, who does not expect the economy to tip into a recession.
Wednesday’s GDP report did show productivity remained a concern, with one productivity measure of GDP per hour worked falling by a sharp 2%, the third straight quarter of declines.
Unit labour costs continued to rise briskly with an annual growth of 7.2% in the quarter.
“While inflation has peaked, this will be a lingering cause for concern for the RBA,” Sean Langcake, head of macroeconomic forecasting for BIS Oxford Economics, said of labour costs.
(Reporting by Stella Qiu; Editing by Jacqueline Wong and Lincoln Feast)