The Labour Party stormed to victory in a special election in the Glasgow suburbs, ousting the Scottish National Party in a swing that will bolster opposition leader Keir Starmer’s prospects of winning a nationwide vote expected next year.
(Bloomberg) — The Labour Party stormed to victory in a special election in the Glasgow suburbs, ousting the Scottish National Party in a swing that will bolster opposition leader Keir Starmer’s prospects of winning a nationwide vote expected next year.
Labour’s Michael Shanks won 58.6% of the votes in Rutherglen and Hamilton West, southeast of Glasgow, an increase of 24.1 percentage points. He took the parliamentary seat from the pro-independence SNP, whose candidate, Katy Loudon, finished second with 27.6% of the vote.
While only so much can be read into the results of one by-election, the swing toward Labour is a major boost for Starmer as he prepares for his party’s annual conference this weekend in Liverpool. Picking up seats in Scotland is crucial to Labour’s chances of pushing Prime Minister Rishi Sunak out of Downing Street in a general election expected next year and ending more than 13 years of Conservative rule.
“It’s the direction of travel that you cannot ignore in this by-election,” John Curtice, professor of politics at Strathclyde University, told the BBC. “If this kind of swing were to be replicated across Scotland as a whole, you’ll be talking about the Labour Party quite clearly being the dominant party north of the border again.”
That would be a huge turnaround for a party that took just one of the 59 seats in Scotland in the 2019 general election, compared to 48 for the SNP. Although Labour had won 41 of those seats as recently as 2010, the party’s opposition to returning to the European Union and holding another independence referendum had since undercut its appeal in Scotland.
Starmer called the Rutherglen and Hamilton West result “seismic,” saying voters had sent a “clear message” that they wanted change from both the Tory government in Westminster and the SNP-led regional government in Edinburgh.
“I have always said that winning back the trust of people in Scotland is essential,” Starmer said in a statement. “Tonight’s victory is the culmination of three and a half years of hard work in years of hard work.”
The seat has alternated between Labour and the SNP at every vote since 2015 — when the nationalist party ended Labour’s historic dominance across Scotland in general elections. Shanks, the winning candidate, said his victory showed “there’s no part of this country where Labour can’t win.”
The timing of the special election raised the stakes for Labour, days before the party’s lawmakers and fee-paying members head to the conference Sunday in Liverpool, northwest England. Starmer will use the high-profile event to galvanize activists and present himself as the true candidate for change, after Sunak used the Tories’ own gathering this week to try to distance himself from the record of previous Conservative governments.
Read more: Labour’s Hopes of Taking UK Power Could Come Down to This City
Labour leads the Tories by about 20 points in national opinion polls, but the nature of Britain’s first-past-the-post electoral system complicates the link between a party’s broader popularity and the distribution of seats in Parliament.
Scotland has always played a key role in Labour’s fortunes and the party’s strategists have set a target of taking about 16 seats next year. Given Rutherglen was one of seven seats Labour won as recently as 2017, a loss would have presented Starmer with a major headache, suggesting he wasn’t on track to make the necessary gains.
Bookmakers had made Labour the clear favorite to win, with pollsters viewing the district as typical of the kind of parliamentary seat Labour will have to recover if it’s going to reach its target.
Labour’s optimism in Scotland stems in large part from falling support for the SNP, amid a police investigation into its finances. Rutherglen was also the first major ballot since Nicola Sturgeon, one of the UK’s most popular politicians, stepped down as leader of the SNP and head of Scotland’s semi-autonomous government in March.
Sturgeon’s successor, Humza Yousaf, called it a “disappointing night” for the party, blaming defeat in part on the “collapse” of the Tory vote. The governing party’s candidate, Thomas Kerr, took just 3.9% of the vote, down 11.1 points.
“We lost this seat in 2017, and like 2019 we can win this seat back,” Yousaf said in a post on the social media platform X, formerly Twitter. “However, we will reflect on what we have to do to regain the trust of the people of Rutherglen & Hamilton West.”
The election was also called in unusual circumstances after former SNP lawmaker Margaret Ferrier was removed by her constituents for breaking Covid travel rules. The SNP will likely argue that means the Rutherglen result won’t necessarily translate to other districts next year, especially as backing for Scottish independence – the party’s primary policy – remains largely unchanged, with the nation of 5.4 million roughly split down the middle.
Read more: Scotland’s New Leader Faces Same Old Rancor Over Independence
Still, there are signs Labour’s argument that it represents the best chance of removing the Tories from power is cutting through with voters. Research by consultancy Stonehaven published in the Times newspaper on Monday found the SNP could win 25 Scottish seats in the UK Parliament in the next election, down from 48 in 2019. Labour could win 20 seats in Scotland, up from one.
–With assistance from Jill Disis.
(Updates with Shanks comment in eighth paragraph.)
More stories like this are available on bloomberg.com
©2023 Bloomberg L.P.