By Tetsushi Kajimoto and Kentaro Sugiyama
TOKYO (Reuters) -Japan’s central bank and the private sector must prepare for positive interest rates and a normalisation of monetary policy, an influential business leader said on Thursday, acknowledging that it could take a year to achieve.
Takeshi Niinami, chairman of business lobby Keizai Doyukai and who also heads Suntory Holdings, said the Bank of Japan “must normalise” monetary policy to help weed out incompetent firms and facilitate labour turnover towards growth industries.
The BOJ remains a dovish outlier amid a global wave of aggressive central bank policy tightening. Last month, it stuck to its negative interest rate policy targeting short-term interest rates at minus 0.1%.
It also kept the 10-year government bond yield target around 0% under its yield curve control (YCC) policy, but redefined 1.0% as a loose “upper bound” rather than a rigid cap.
“The BOJ must make a move,” Niinami, who also serves as a private-sector member of a top government economic advisory panel, told Reuters in an interview. “We must live in a world that contains (positive) interest rates.”
Many private-sector economists speculate that the BOJ may phase out crisis-mode stimulus if regular wage talks due early next year result in workers’ pay rising more than prices.
“There must be quite a lot of political reservation about completely abandoning (current monetary policy settings),” he said. “That’s why the BOJ may be thinking it would be better off falling behind the curve.
“That should be taken as a message that the BOJ is leaving the YCC behind gradually,” Niinami said.
Niinami, who is also a former chairman of convenience store chain Lawson Inc, said in January that he expected the BOJ to lay out a clear policy roadmap, including criteria for ending its practice of controlling long- and short-term yields.
(Reporting by Tetsushi Kajimoto; editing by Robert Birsel and Chang-Ran Kim, Kirsten Donovan)