(Reuters) -A labour dispute between Tesla and Swedish trade union IF Metall has drawn in a host of unions across the Nordic region, all urging the automaker to sign a collective bargaining agreement.
About 130 workers affiliated with IF Metall began a strike on Oct. 27, sparking sympathy strikes – a solidarity tactic by unaffected workers – from dockworkers, cleaners and car dealerships.
Sympathy strikes are generally legal in the Nordic countries, in a stark contrast to the U.S. where such actions are largely prohibited.
In the 1990s, American toy company Toys “R” Us signed a collective agreement with its 130 Swedish employees after a three-month strike that was also accompanied by sympathy strikes and blockades.
Below is an overview of sympathy actions that are adding pressure to Tesla by potentially disrupting its supply chain in Sweden, where Tesla’s Model Y was the top-selling car in 2023 with 16,412 new vehicles registered:
Sweden’s transport workers’ union pledged in November to block loading and unloading of Tesla cars across the country’s ports. A dockworkers’ union also said it would not handle Tesla cars in Swedish harbours from Nov. 17.
Seko, which represents service and communications workers, on Nov. 20 started a blockade of delivery and collection of mail and parcels at Tesla’s Swedish workplaces by logistics firms PostNord and CityMail, cutting the EV maker’s access to license plates from the country’s transport authority.
The union of civil servants said its members at PostNord, owned by the Swedish and Danish states, would pause deliveries to Tesla from Nov. 21.
The electricians’ union vowed in November to block electrical repair works at Tesla facilities and charging stations, and a painters’ union warned it planned to stop painting Tesla cars.
The building maintenance workers’ union halted all work related to the automaker from Nov. 17, while a building workers’ union pledged to halt maintenance and construction work at Tesla service workshops.
The transport workers’ union stopped collecting waste at Tesla’s workshops in Sweden from Dec. 29.
Swedish municipal workers’ union Kommunal also stopped waste collection from Tesla’s facilities in Mölndal and Örebro from Jan. 2, as announced on Dec. 14. It also plans to block waste collection from being performed by other service providers.
Unionised workers at Hydro Extrusions, a subsidiary of Norwegian aluminium and energy company Hydro, stopped work on Tesla car products from Nov. 24. The workers are members of IF Metall.
Sweden’s musicians’ union said on Nov. 14 it would block some music from Tesla cars’ media systems.
Some Swedish pension funds have urged Tesla to sign the agreement with the union, but so far held off selling shares.
Norway’s largest private sector labour union said on Dec. 6 it would start blocking transit shipments of Tesla cars meant for the Swedish market from Dec. 20 unless the automaker reached an agreement with IF Metall.
The union said it intended to send a “clear signal to Tesla” and do what was necessary to ensure that any vehicle shipments via Norway to Sweden were blocked, but declined to say exactly what measures it might take.
Danish dockworkers’ union said on Dec. 5 it would not unload or transport cars made by Tesla for Swedish customers.
PensionDanmark, one of Denmark’s largest pension funds, said on Dec. 6 it had decided to sell its holdings in Tesla over the automaker’s refusal to enter into agreements with labour unions.
Finnish transport workers’ union said on Dec. 7 its dockers would not load Tesla vehicles and components destined to Sweden in all Finnish ports from Dec. 20.
(Compiled by Jesus Calero and Greta Rosen Fondahn in GdanskEditing by Christina Fincher, Mark Potter and Milla Nissi)